Step 4: Use your findings to improve student learning

Now that you have summarized your data you will want to decide what it says about your students’ learning so that you can use it to guide decisions for improvement. 

It can help to identify a criterion for successful achievement of your learning outcome. Choose a criterion that makes sense to you and your colleagues given your program and assessment tool and can serve as the starting point for a meaningful conversation about your students’ performance. For example: 

  • 80% of students must score in the top two ranges of the rubric
  • The average score for all rubric elements must be at least 3.0 on a 4.0 scale
  • No students should score in the lowest range of the rubric

Using your criterion, identify areas where student achievement exceeds or does not meet the expectations of your program. 

  • If your students’ achievement does not meet your expectations, plan to make changes to improve student learning in your program. Examples of changes that can have a major impact on student learning include changes to pedagogy, assignments, assessments, or curriculum.
  • If students’ achievement meets your expectations, plan to reassess the outcome at a later time.


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